Evidence that Ca2(+)-dependent activation of airway epithelia Cl- channels is not dependent on phosphorylation.

Previous studies have shown that an increase in the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration [( Ca2+]c) activates Cl- channels in airway epithelia but that the effect is indirect. Because adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) activate Cl- channels via phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C, respectively, we asked whether Ca2(+)-dependent Cl- channel activation is phosphorylation dependent. We measured 125I- efflux as an assay of Cl- channel activation in the intact cell. We found that depletion of cellular ATP prevented cAMP- and PMA-induced activation but did not alter activation produced by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. Moreover, addition of high concentrations of staurosporine (5 microM), to nonspecifically inhibit kinase activity, blocked cAMP- and PMA-stimulated 125I- efflux but had no effect on A23187-induced efflux. These results suggest that elevation of [Ca2+]c does not activate Cl- channels via phosphorylation.