Bradykinin stimulates airway epithelial Cl- secretion via two second messenger pathways.
In canine airway epithelial cells, bradykinin increases intracellular concentrations of D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3], cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]c), and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP). To determine the role of these second messengers in bradykinin-stimulated Cl- secretion, we studied the secretory response to this peptide using canine tracheal monolayers mounted in Ussing chambers. Bradykinin stimulated Cl- secretion [measured as short-circuit current (Isc)] when added to submucosal or mucosal surfaces; however, secretory responses differed substantially. Submucosal addition of bradykinin induced a biphasic increase in secretion; mucosal addition induced a monophasic increase in secretion. Both responses were mediated by B2 receptors. We show that activation of bradykinin receptors can stimulate Cl- secretion in two ways. 1) Bradykinin added to either surface stimulates prostaglandin synthesis and release at the basolateral surface. This leads to activation of prostaglandin E2-sensitive receptors on the basolateral surface that are coupled to cAMP production and an increase in apical membrane Cl- conductance. 2) In addition, bradykinin added to the submucosal surface increases Ins(1,4,5)P3 and [Ca2+]c levels, which enhance basolateral K+ conductance and the electrical driving force for apical Cl- exit. Whereas secretion requires activation of apical Cl- channels, the data show that Cl- secretion can also be modulated by activation of basolateral K+ channels. These data indicate that bradykinin-induced transepithelial Cl- secretion is mediated by two independent, second messenger pathways. These results provide the first evidence for expression of both pathways in a polar fashion in an epithelial monolayer.