Internal brow elevation at blepharoplasty.
To present data on a transblepharoplasty technique that provides a safe and reliable brow elevation and glabellar furrow reduction by releasing inferior tethering and weakening the brow depressor muscles.
Nonrandomized retrospective case series and surgical technique description.
One thousand patients who underwent internal brow elevation for cosmesis associated with upper blepharoplasty over the past 9 years were reviewed. Follow-up ranged from 6 months to 9 years. There were no serious long-term complications. All patients experienced forehead hypesthesia, which was temporary in most patients. Only 2 patients complained of prolonged and bothersome forehead hypesthesia lasting longer than 2 years.
The internal brow elevation at blepharoplasty is a reproducibly safe and effective technique to improve eyebrow appearance without fixation.