Upper eyelid myectomy in blepharospasm with associated apraxia of lid opening.


To assess the impact of upper eyelid myectomy surgery on blepharospasm with associated apraxia of lid opening (ALO), dry eye, photophobia, and daily functioning in patients who are refractory to botulinum toxin treatment.


Noncomparative, consecutive, interventional case series.


A retrospective chart review was performed to identify 100 consecutive patients beginning on January 1, 2000, who underwent upper eyelid myectomy surgery for blepharospasm and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A survey was sent to all patients. Data were entered in an anonymous manner into a spreadsheet and analysis was performed using the Student t test with significance set at P<.05.


Forty-five (88%) patients experienced ALO before surgery, among which 15 (33%) patients stated they were completely cured and 20 (44%) others had more than 50% improvement in ALO with surgery. In 20 of 30 patients who continued botulinum toxin treatment after surgery, the effect lasted longer. Twelve (29%) of 42 patients who experienced dry eyes before surgery improved. Eighteen (41%) of the 44 patients who experienced light sensitivity before surgery improved. Thirty-seven (82%) patients noted their cosmetic appearance to be better after surgery. The cumulative preoperative disability score was 14.11+/-5.78 (59%), whereas the cumulative postoperative disability score was 5.20+/-8.25 (22%; P<.01).


Upper eyelid myectomy surgery appears to be effective in treating blepharospasm with associated ALO in most patients who are refractory to botulinum toxin injections and can provide improvement in the quality of life.